Diwali – The Festival Of Lights
Diwali is called the festival of lights because on this day, colorful fireworks are burst and the house is decorated with diyas and lanterns. Diwali also means rows of lighted oil lamps.
It is generally celebrated by people who follow Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism.
How is Diwali Celebrated
Different households celebrate diwali in a different way. But traditionally, the house is decorated with flowers, rangolis and diyas. Everyone in the family buys new clothes. This is also one of those days when the entire family gets together and celebrates the festival together. Gifts and sweets are exchanged between friends and relatives.
Why is Diwali Celebrated
There are many reasons as to why this festival celebrated and every religion/ state/ country has its own historical significance but the main reason is the victory of light over darkness or good over evil.
In a few states in India it is said that Narakasura Vadha is the reason Diwali is celebrated. It is the day Lord Krishna destroyed the demon Narakasura .
Some say that Diwali is celebrated to honor Goddess Lakshmi, who is the goddess of wealth and prosperity and this is why a day or two before Diwali, many people purchase gold jewelry.
There is another story behind the celebration of this festival. It is the day when Lord Ram comes back to his kingdom Ayodhya, after his 14 year exile after killing the wicked king of Lanka, Ravana.
In Sikhism, it is believed that on this day Guru Har Gobind and some other Rajahs freed themselves from the Gwalior Fort, where they had been captured by Jahangir, the Mughal Emperor. They then came back to Golden Temple in Amritsar.
For Jains, it is the day when Lord Mahavir attained Nirvana.
Buddhism honor Ashoka as on this day, he converted to Buddhism.
Diwali has a span of five days:
Day 1 is called Dhanteras : Marks the birthday of Goddess Lakshmi
Day 2 is Naraka Chaturdasi : Marks the death of Narakasura
Day 3 is when Lakshmi Puja takes place : Lord Ganesha, Lakshmi and Saraswati are worshipped.
Day 4 is called Padwa or Balipratipada: Victory of lord Vishnu in the incarnation of Lord Vamana and new year in Gujarat.
Day 5 is Bhai Duj or Bhaiya Dooji: celebrates the bond between brothers and sisters.
Social Issues Of Diwali
Diwali is a festival which is really joyous, but it has raised a few social issues, like for example firecrackers have increased pollution and have caused a lot of injury and health problems mainly because of the smoke it emits.
The really loud crackers causes anxiety in people, noise pollution which leads to lack of sleep and many other problems.
The reason why People say “Have a happy and safe Diwali” is because crackers sometimes can cause harm, though it is colorful to look at.
So, this time I hope you all have a really happy Diwali and also celebrate it wisely.